Articles

Four Key Tools for Play Therapy

Posted in Articles, Play Therapy Skills

Four Key Tools for Play Therapy

Continuing our series of articles exploring tools and techniques used in Play Therapy, below we discuss four key tools: 1. Stories and story books Stories and story books enable children to explore issues at a distance, through the fictional characters of the story. If the character is going through an experience similar to their own, they may be able to identify with the character and learn more about their own situation as the character addresses the experience. Stories are an effective way of preparing children for new and challenging experiences, such as the going into hospital, the arrival of a new baby in their family, or how to deal with anger. Reading a story...

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6 Rules to Remember to Encourage Positive Behaviour in Your Child

Posted in Articles, Children's Behaviour

6 Rules to Remember to Encourage Positive Behaviour in Your Child

There are 6 key rules that parents, carers and education staff can easily apply to ensure they are consistently encouraging positive behaviour in children: 1.Children learn to repeat behaviours that are rewarded. Children are more likely to behave in a particular way when they are rewarded for doing so. A reward could be something that the child particularly enjoys. In the A-B-C approach to Behaviour Management we saw how negative behaviour can be rewarded, thus encouraging the behaviour. In the example of Sara, for instance, her mother rewarded her negative behaviour by allowing her to go outside after she refused to eat her lunch and threw the food on the floor. This...

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A-B-C Approach to Behaviour Management

Posted in Articles, Children's Behaviour

A-B-C Approach to Behaviour Management

The A-B-C model of behaviour analysis can be very useful in identifying the causes of negative behaviour and ways in which the issue can be addressed. In the approach, A represents the antecedent, which means the conditions or stimulus that are present before a behaviour occurs; B is for the behaviour or response to the stimulus; and C represents the result of the behaviour. ABC analysis can be used by both parents and education staff to help them understand how negative behaviour is arising. The parents or education staff keep a diary in which they record occurences of the behaviour. They write down the behaviour as soon as it occurs, and then also record the...

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Children and Stress

Posted in Articles, child psychology

Children and Stress

Common Causes of Stress in Childhood Some of the most common causes of stress during childhood include: starting school or changing to a new school illness or death of a loved one or pet moving house the arrival of a new baby trauma – for instance, a car accident bullying exams friendships arguments between parents. Children often do not understand what is happening to them and have not yet reached a stage of emotional development where they can either control or express their feelings. When they experience stress it may show itself in a variety of ways, including: regression jealousy aggression nightmares temper tantrums anxiety bed-wetting withdrawal....

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Why Use Play Therapy?

Posted in Articles, Play Therapy

Why Use Play Therapy?

Play is a natural medium of expression for a child. Through play children learn and refine a whole range of skills, including emotional skills that allow them to act out fears, fantasies and feelings. Play is especially important during the pre-school years when a young child’s language is still developing. Play can be seen as a special language through which parents, teachers, therapists and psychologists may gain an understanding of the child’s world. Play is also a fun way to communicate and can help to promote rapport between the adult and child. Children are often better able to communicate their thoughts and experiences through play than they would if...

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Puppets in Play Therapy

Posted in Articles, Play Therapy Skills

Puppets in Play Therapy

Puppets can be used in a number of ways in play therapy. Puppets can give the child a sense of ‘distance’ from the adult working with them, and even more importantly, from subjects that may be frightening, making it easier for the child to reveal worries, fears and experiences. They may be used in a form of storytelling, where the child creates the drama with the puppets and toys as characters. The child can project her own ideas onto the puppets, give them personalities, and choose how they act and what they say. This is often an easier and less-threatening way for the child to explore feelings and difficult experiences than talking about them directly. Puppets can...

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